Bird Conservation Region 8

Boreal Softwood Shield

The Boreal Softwood Shield is a broad, U-shaped region comprised of seacoasts in the east and vast areas that are more than 80 percent forested by closed stands of conifers, largely white and black spruce, balsam fir, and tamarack. Toward the south, broadleaf trees, such as white birch, trembling aspen, and balsam poplar are more widely distributed, as are white, red, and jack pine. The region is a broadly rolling mosaic of uplands and associated wetlands, dotted with numerous small to medium-sized lakes. Peatlands are common in wetland areas. Representative birds include American Black Duck, Purple Sandpiper, Yellow Rail, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Black-backed Woodpecker, Boreal Owl, and Mourning, Palm, Bay-breasted, Connecticut, Cape May, Magnolia, and Tennessee Warblers. Coastlines and offshore areas in the east are important year-round for breeding and wintering seabirds.

Bird Conservation Plans
Landbirds -
BCR 8 in Ontario
Shorebirds - Ontario
Waterbirds - Canada Region
Waterfowl - Eastern Habitat JV, Prairie Habitat JV

Joint Venture areas: Eastern Habitat, Prairie Habitat

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Note: Hawaii (not shown) is BCR 67

Aleutian/Bering Sea Islands Western Alaska Arctic Plains and Mountains Northwestern Interior Forest Northern Pacific Rainforest Boreal Taiga Plains Taiga Shield and Hudson Plains Boreal Softwood Shield Great Basin Northern Rockies Prairie Potholes Boreal Hardwood Transition Lower Great Lakes/St.Lawrence Plain Atlantic Northern Forests Sierra Nevada Southern Rockies Colorado Plateau Badlands and Prairies Shortgrass Prairie Central Mixed Grass Prairie Edwards Plateau Oaks and Prairies Eastern Tallgrass Prairie Prairie Hardwood Transition Central Hardwoods West Gulf Coastal Plain/Ouachitas Mississippi Alluvial Valley Southeastern Coastal Plain Appalachian Mountains Piedmont New England/MidAtlantic Coasts Peninsular Florida Coastal California Sonoran and Mojave Deserts Sierra Madre Occidental Chihuahuan Desert Tamaulipan Brushlands Gulf Coastal Prairie