Costera del Soconusco
This BCR on the Pacific
coast of Chiapas encompasses La Encrucijada, a biosphere reserve and an
IBA. It has two large wetlands formed by rivers, lagoons, and estuaries.
Vegetation includes tropical deciduous and subdeciduous forests, various
wetland types, dunes, coastal scrublands, and the tallest mangroves in
Mesoamerica. This is one of the most important systems of tropical wetlands
on the Pacific Coast of North America and is the habitat of many rare,
threatened, and endangered species. Birds of priority are the Magnificent
Frigatebird; Wood Stork; Plain, West-Mexican, and White-bellied Chachalaca;
15 raptor species, including Snail Kite, Common Black-Hawk, Crane Hawk,
Black-collared Hawk, Grayheaded Kite, and Peregrine Falcon; 13 duck species,
including Muscovy Duck, Blue-winged Teal, and Redhead; 15 heron and
egret species, including the Boat-billed Heron and Roseate Spoonbill;
20 shorebird and wading bird species, including Sungrebe, Limpkin, Snowy
Plover, Black-bellied Plover, Wilsons Plover, American Avocet, Northern
Jacana, Greater Yellowlegs, Solitary Sandpiper, Whimbrel, Sanderling,
and Western Sandpiper; and
parakeets and parrots, including Green Parakeet, Orange-fronted Parakeet,
Orange-chinned Parakeet, White-fronted Parrot, and Yellow-headed Parrot.
Other important species include Giant Wren, Rufous-naped Wren, Mangrove
Vireo, Bells Vireo, Magnolia Warbler, American Redstart, Ovenbird,
Yellow-breasted Chat, Indigo Bunting, and Painted Bunting.
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