Bird Conservation Region 31

Peninsular Florida

Description: The northern portion of Peninsular Florida is a transitional zone where the pine and bottomland hardwood elements of the Coastal Plain begin to merge with the tropical elements of south Florida. Many of the important pine and bottomland birds of the Coastal Plain, including Red-cockaded Woodpecker and Swallow-tailed Kite, extend into this area. The central scrub-oak Lake Wales Ridge is a center of endemism that includes all of the world’s Florida Scrub-Jays. Colonies of Wood Stork, Glossy Ibis, and19 other herons and egrets are found throughout the region, while coastal islands support important continental breeding populations of Brown Pelicans, Black Skimmers, and various terns. Farther south, in the subtropical zone of the state, a normally frost-free climate creates conditions for mangroves, everglades, and tropical hammocks, tying this area more closely to the Bahamas and Caribbean than to the rest of the United States. Snail Kite, Shorttailed Hawk, and Limpkin breed in interior wetlands, with Mangrove Cuckoo and Black-whiskered Vireo in coastal mangroves. One of the greatest wading-bird concentrations in the world is in the Everglades. White-crowned Pigeons inhabit the Florida Keys, and the only Brown Noddy, Sooty Tern, and Magnificent Frigatebird breeding site in the country is on the Dry Tortugas. Wintering waterfowl abound in coastal waters, including large numbers of Lesser Scaup, Ring-necked Duck, and Green-winged Teal. The endemic Florida subspecies of Mottled Duck, Wood Duck, and Fulvous Whistling-Duck also breed in the area. Most of the remaining nesting Snowy Plovers in the Southeast occur along Florida’s Gulf Coast. Extraordinary numbers of wintering and intransit shorebirds also use the region, particularly Short-billed Dowitchers, but also Piping Plover, Dunlin, and Red Knot.

Bird Conservation Plans
Landbirds - Atlantic Coast Joint Venture Strategic Plan
Shorebirds - Southeastern Coastal Plains - Caribbean
Waterbirds - Southeast U.S.
Waterfowl - Atlantic Coast Joint Venture Waterfowl Implementation Plan
All Birds -
Atlantic Coast Joint Venture Strategic Plan

Joint Venture area: Atlantic Coast

Back to BCR Map | Back Home | Back to International Site

Note: Hawaii (not shown) is BCR 67

Gulf Coastal Prairie Tamaulipan Brushlands Chihuahuan Desert Sierra Madre Occidental Sonoran and Mojave Deserts Coastal California Peninsular Florida New England/MidAtlantic Coasts Piedmont Appalachian Mountains Southeastern Coastal Plain Mississippi Alluvial Valley West Gulf Coastal Plain/Ouachitas Central Hardwoods Prairie Hardwood Transition Eastern Tallgrass Prairie Oaks and Prairies Edwards Plateau Central Mixed Grass Prairie Shortgrass Prairie Badlands and Prairies Southern Rockies Colorado Plateau Sierra Nevada Atlantic Northern Forests Lower Great Lakes/St.Lawrence Plain Boreal Hardwood Transition Prairie Potholes Northern Rockies Great Basin Boreal Softwood Shield Taiga Shield and Hudson Plains Boreal Taiga Plains Northern Pacific Rainforest Northwestern Interior Forest Arctic Plains and Mountains Western Alaska Aleutian/Bering Sea Islands